Scientific Program

Conference Series Ltd invites all the participants across the globe to attend 5th International Conference on Oceanography and Marine Biology Seoul, South Korea.

Day 1 :

Keynote Forum

Hyo Choi

Atmospheric & Oceanic Disaster Research Institute, South Korea

Keynote: Intensification of TY Chan-Hom interacted with other two typhoons and mid-latitude cloud trough in the East and South China Seas

Time : 09:15-10:00

Oceanography Congress  2017  International Conference Keynote Speaker Hyo Choi photo
Biography:

Hyo Choi is a Meteorologist, Environmental Scientist and Physical Oceanographer with over 40 years experiences in numerical modeling researches as Overseas Senior Researcher invited by Korean Government of Korea Ocean Research & Development Institute (KORDI of KAIST, (now, KIOST)), Ministry of Science & Technology, a high-level Researcher of National Fisheries & Research Development Institute (NFRDI) (nominated by President of Korean Government), Ministry of Maritime Affairs & Fisheries and Full Professor of Gangneung-Wonju National University. He has obtained 2 PhD degrees from Department of Civil Engineering, University of Texas at Austin, USA (1984) and College of Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing; China (2004). His research interests cover a variety of fields in Meteorology, Environmental Science & Engineering and Physical Oceanography.. Presently, he is Director General of Atmospheric & Oceanic Disaster Research Institute, Korea, High-end Foreign Expert of South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, China and also acting as Editor-in-Chief of 13 international journals and Editor of 26 ones in atmospheric environmental pollution, disaster, agriculture, food sciences, water resources, lake and rivers, GIS, physical sciences, oceanography, fishery and meteorology.

Abstract:

The development of TY 1509, Chan-Hom under the associated with two different sizes of typhoons such as a smaller severe tropical storm and a stronger typhoon TY 1511 Nangka and a mid-latitude cloud trough was investigated using Korean satellite COM IRI images, weather maps and numerically calculated moisture fluxes and streamlines at 850 hPa level (approximately 1.5 km height above the sea surface) by a 3D-numerical model, called the UM-KMA meteorological model from July 4 through 10, 2015. Severe tropical storm Linfa and typhoon Chan-Hom maintaining their independent moving tracks did not have any interaction between them until July 5, 2015. However, TY Chan-Hom moving westward was strongly pulled north-westward by a mid-latitude cloud trough extending from the East China Sea to Hokkaido, Japan and further weakly drawn by SRS Linfa. From July 6 to 8, persistent north-westward STS Linfa was strongly pulled northward by more intensified TY Chan-Hom which was moving north-westward by strong south-westerly wind generated by the mid-latitude cloud trough in the north of Chan-Hom. The interaction of TY Chan-Hom with STS Lifa induced a shorter distance between two typhoon centers and TY Chan-Hom should be closed to Taipei. Even though Linfa was closed to Gangzhou in the southern China and its cyclonic circulation was weaken by big friction caused by surrounding land and shallower bottom topography of the South China Sea, it was still developed until July 8, due to the transportation of momentum from the stronger typhoon Chan-Hom and kinetic energy converted from the release of latent heat flux during the condensation process of supplied water vapor. From July 9 to 10, as TY Chan-Hom additionally interacted with TY Nangka in its east (the West Pacific Ocean) and continuously induced by the mid-latitude cloud trough, it should be more intensified. It means that windstorm over 25 kt was detected in the upper quadrant and right hand side of their cyclonic circulations, showing asymmetric distribution of wind fields. Under this circumstance, Chan-Hom could change its track from north-westward into northward, finally passing by the Yellow Sea without its landfall near Shanghai. Although the landfall of Linfa was delayed by the interaction of TY Chan-Hom, changing its moving track toward north-north-west, STS Linfa became weakened closing to the inland of Gangdong province, showing no longer tightly packed bands of cloud and being extinct.

Keynote Forum

Hans-Uwe Dahms

Hans-Uwe Dahms, Kaohsiung Medical University, Taiwan

Keynote: Challenges in marine pollution research

Time : 10:00-10:45

Oceanography Congress  2017  International Conference Keynote Speaker Hans-Uwe Dahms photo
Biography:

Hans-Uwe Dahms has received his PhD and DSc degrees in Biology. He was invited to more than 80 countries worldwide for research and lecturing. He is presently a Professor at the Department of Biomedical Science and Environmental Biology in Kaohsiung Medical University, Taiwan. His current research is concerned with environmental health issues affecting public health.

Abstract:

Monitoring and assessments of the aquatic environmental health status should become integral components of adaptive management programs that are aimed to monitor and remediate pollution and the damage it causes to the aquatic environment. Such efforts taken separately may not be sufficient for detecting unwanted changes of integrative ecosystem health in a complex marine environment. Complexity is here provided by spatio-temporal gradients, such as geographic, latitudinal, depth, as well as seasonal shifts. In addition, organisms show commonly variable reactions at various levels of integration (e.g., at the level of genome and proteome, physiology, cell, tissue and organ, individual, population and community). Biota is also characterized by variability in their taxonomic and ontogenetic sensitivity and different reaction norms of sex. The tendency of most toxicants for differential individual bioaccumulation and biomagnification within food webs further complicates the situation. To date, only a few attempts have been made to challenge an integrative approach using, physical and chemical habitat assessments, biological monitoring and physiological, biochemical and genotoxicological parameters to assess the environmental health status of a contaminated aquatic ecosystem that could directly lead to food safety measurements in ocean fisheries and aquaculture. In order to integrate abiotic and biotic endpoints, different approaches should be pursued in a systems-oriented way: physical, chemical, biological; laboratory vs. field; realms (freshwater, brackish, marine-bottom, water column, interfaces); organisms (producer, consumer and decomposer); biological integration levels (ecological, behavioral, chemical and subcellular). This holds for observational monitoring as well as for experimental approaches at all integrations levels-from molecules to ecosystems. Challenges are provided at most levels of aquatic pollution: pollution monitoring, treatment and management, economic, social and policy aspects in the protection of the marine environment at National and International levels. Bioaccumulation occurs within a trophic level and represents the concentration increase of a substance in certain tissues of organisms due to absorption from food and the environment. Biomagnification commonly results from chemical persistence, food chain energetics or rate of internal degradation and excretion. For enhanced biomagnification, the pollutant must be long-lived, mobile, soluble in fats and biologically active. Among the newly emerging xenobiotics are endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs), capable of adversely affecting the function of endocrine systems, leading to changes in growth, development and reproduction of exposed animals and human. Although the occurrence and implications of steroid estrogens in the environment has received some attention, there is only limited evidence for bioaccumulation in wild or farmed fish that provide precious food sources for human consumption.

Keynote Forum

Zane Zhang

Pacific Biological Station, Canada

Keynote: Environmental effects on abundance of albacore tuna (Thunnus alalunga) off the west coast of North America

Time : 11:05-11:50

Oceanography Congress  2017  International Conference Keynote Speaker Zane Zhang photo
Biography:

Zane Zhang has his expertise in stock assessment of fish population dynamics and environmental impacts on fished populations. He has used statistical models to provide scientific advices to fisheries managers, playing some key roles in successful management of several fishing stocks.

Abstract:

North Pacific albacore (Thunnus alalunga) are a highly migratory species. They start to mature at 5 years of age. Spawning occurs in tropical and sub-tropical waters between Hawaii and the east coast of Taiwan and the Philippines primarily in March and April. Juvenile albacore undertakes trans-Pacific movements between western and eastern Pacific Ocean. There has been a long history of exploitation of albacore tuna by many countries in the North Pacific Ocean. The Canadian tuna fishery catches juvenile albacore of 2-4 years of age using troll gear along the North American coast, primarily from the southern Oregon coast to the northern tip of Vancouver Island. The fishing season lasts from May to October with the peak of fishing effort in August and September. Canadian catches varied considerably primarily due to changes in albacore abundance. I used the catch rate (mean annual catch per vessel-fishing day) as an indication of the abundance. I examined impacts of local water temperatures and two climatic variables, the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) and the North Pacific Gyre Oscillation (NPGO), on the fluctuation of albacore abundance off the west coast of North America. The PDO is the dominant mode of variability of North Pacific sea surface temperature anomalies, while the NPGO closely reflects inter-annual and decadal variations in salinity, nutrient upwelling and surface chlorophyll-a in the Northeast Pacific. Mean water temperature in the fishing area during July-September was not found to be correlated with the abundance, statistically. The PDO, however, had a statistically significant (p<0.05) negative impact on the abundance with a lag period of 2 and 3 years. The NPGO had statistically significant positive impact on the abundance with a lag period of 2, 3 and 4 years. The current study helps in studying mechanisms of albacore recruitment fluctuations.

  • Oceanography | Physical Oceanography | Biological Oceanography | Ocean Biogeochemistry | Coastal Oceanography | Marine Engineering and Technology | Marine Refinery
Location: Courtyard Seoul Times Square
Speaker

Chair

Luo Ping Zhang

Xiamen University, China

Session Introduction

Ruben Kosyan

P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology of RAS, Russia

Title: Study of the Black Sea coastal geosystems in the north-eastern sector

Time : 11:50-12:20

Speaker
Biography:

Ruben Kosyan has completed his PhD in 1974 from P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Academy of Sciences of the USSR and D.Sci. Degree in 1991 from Moscow State University, Department of Geography. He is the Head of Lithodynamics Laboratory. He has published more than 400 papers in reputed journals, 12 monographs and has 9 patents of inventions. He is an adviser to the international program "Medcoast", a member of the Association of Balkan Scientists, the American Association for the Development of Scientific Research, the European Union for the Protection of the Seaside (EUCC, Holland), the International Institute of coasts, oceans, ports and rivers. He is a member of the Since 2010, a member of the Scientific and Technical Committee of the International Center for Environmental Management of Enclosed seas (Kobe, Japan).

Abstract:

During last decade, specialists of the Southern Branch of the P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences (SB SIO RAS) and Marine Hydrophysical Institute (FSBSI MHI) have been conducting joint research of coastal zone geosystems of the Crimean and Caucasian coast. The complex activity aims to work out general approaches to evaluation of the current state and forecast of the evolution of coastal geosystems having regard to variability of natural factors and anthropogenic pressure. The research tasks are solved using up-to-date information technologies based on complex analysis which combined both the acquisition and analysis of new data of the field observations and systematization and analysis of archived data as well as materials of space sounding and aerial photographs. By processing the satellite images and the contact measurements for the period 1941-2016 the analysis of the variability of the shoreline test plots were done. The classification of natural catastrophic phenomena gives their relative brevity and genesis. Based on received data, selected sections of the coast that are most strongly influenced by the intense level are identified developed program for calculating the propagation of waves such as Tsunami in the coastal zone. The analysis of storm activity in the Black Sea in the area of Anapa bay-bar for the last years was done. There was a trend of increasing storm intensity. In the framework of the annual cycle increases the impact of the summer months. In November-December there was a decrease of the storm activity. When considering the spread of the most noticeable feature is the significant strengthening of the eastern component, while weakening the west one. The storms of the south-west directions are the most dangerous. These storms most commonly develop waves with energies exceeding 100 kW/m. In the framework of the inter-annual variability increased the number of moderate storms with energies up to 10 kW/m. Analyzed the annual series of biogenic elements in coastal waters of the Heraklean Peninsula. The analysis of the main transformation processes of coastal biocenoses of the individual sections of the coastal zone. The regular updating of the previously generated specialized database of oceanographic data of the coastal zone in the Black Sea is provided. The base includes data on temperature, salinity, hydrochemistry, hydrooptix, currents, meteorology, drifter data and satellite observations, including more than 90 thousand hydrological and 18 thousand hydro-chemical. The use of new technologies and techniques to evaluate their applicability for the study of complex and dynamic natural features like the sea shores. The new data on the current status of the components of coastal geosystems were obtained. The accuracy, detail and spatial coverage of the data could not be achieved by traditional methods of research.

Ali Mehdinia

Iranian National Institute for Oceanography and Atmospheric Science, Iran

Title: Trochus erythraeus gastropod: A heavy metal pollution bioindicator in the Persian Gulf

Time : 12:20-12:50

Speaker
Biography:

Ali Mehdinia is an Associate Professor of Chemistry in Iranian National Institute for Oceanography and Atmospheric Science. He has expertise in assessment of marine environmental pollution.

Abstract:

The bioaccumulation of trace metals (iron, lead, copper, zinc, manganese, molybdenum and nickel) in shell and soft tissue of a gastropod (Trochus erythraeus) were measured in order to evaluate sediment contamination. Bioaccumulation factor (BAF) for the essential elements (Zn and Cu) in soft tissues was averagely about 12 and 8, respectively. In respect of Cd in some stations BAF was about 1, but in others it was about 11. In hard tissue, the maximum BAF was calculated for Sb, Cu and Cd (about 1). In comparison between total concentrations of trace metals in sediments and soft tissue, a significant correlation was found between Cr, Ni and Zn concentrations in these ambiances. Also, there were significant correlations between total concentrations of Ni and Zn in hard tissue and those in the sediment samples. The analysis showed that the shell is more indicative of sediment characteristics. It could be concluded that mechanisms of accumulation in shell is less selective than soft tissues. It could be counted that this gastropod could be an environmental indicator for trace metals.

Hans-Uwe Dahms

Kaohsiung Medical University, Taiwan

Title: Shallow hydrothermal vents as natural laboratories for global change studies

Time : 13:40-14:10

Speaker
Biography:

Hans-Uwe Dahms has received his PhD and DSc degrees in Biology. He was invited to more than 80 countries worldwide for research and lecturing. He is presently a Professor at the Department of Biomedical Science and Environmental Biology in Kaohsiung Medical University, Taiwan. His current research is concerned with environmental health issues affecting public health.

Abstract:

Global change may affect organisms likely at all integration levels and in different systems. Subsurface marine hydrothermal vents (HVs) may provide a particular advantage to better understand past records and future climate predictions on marine organisms. They can provide insights in the mechanisms of actions of climate change conditions. Hydrothermal vents (HVs) provide such environments in sharing several factors with global and climate change phenomena (e.g., low pH and oxygen, high carbon dioxide and temperature, high loads of toxic chemicals such as H2S and trace metals). Research on organisms from HVs might also provide insights in the molecular, ecological and evolutionary adaptations to extreme environments by comparing them with less adapted biota. Shallow water hydrothermal vents are easily accessible and may provide suitable templates for short and long-term experimental approaches to biotic effects and adaptations to environmental extremes and global change issues in a natural set-up that has evolved through probably billions of years. In the past decade, we studied such a shallow water hydrothermal vent system at the northeast coast of Taiwan.

Xiaofang Wu

Xiamen University, China

Title: Towards green development of shipping industry

Time : 14:10-14:40

Speaker
Biography:

Xiaofang Wu is currently pursuing her PhD at Xiamen University in China and has her expertise in port and shipping planning and management. Her main interest is in maritime logistics and transport chain with a focus on green development and sustainability in recent years.

Abstract:

Maritime transportation was moved from port-to-port operation to the combined transport supply chain of door-to-door in recent two decades. And with the requirements of sustainable development and green development, industries are actively to pay increasing attention to sustainability and maritime shipping is no exception. In this study, the port planning, shipping planning, green port and green shipping planning and concepts of maritime logistics and green maritime logistics are summarized and discussed based on literature review. The investigation of the practice on green shipping in China has also done. The results show that port planning would be hard to guide and support shipping industry as port is a node of transport chain. There is very few shipping planning focusing on strategic planning and most of them are tactical or operational planning, which is difficult to provide an approach for shipping industry towards sustainability. The approaches of strategic planning for shipping can be summarized into three types including traditional approach, contemporary approach and political approach. The study paradigm for shipping was changed with the evolution of maritime logistics. Numerous proactive for green shipping efforts encourage environmental improvements, ranging from individual schemes to more holistic approaches, referred to as sustainable or green shipping initiatives. The research gaps could be summarized: The existing shipping planning were still focused on port-to-port; the concepts between sustainable shipping and green shipping is still vague; there is lack of appropriate approach and methods for sustainable or green shipping planning strategically and there is very few studies focusing on strategically greening maritime logistics. We think that the concept and approach of green strategic planning for shipping logistics are needed to guide shipping industry towards green development and push its sustainability.

Abolfazl Saleh

Iranian National Institute for Oceanography and Atmospheric Science, Iran

Title: Temporal variations of physical and chemical properties of seawater in Hengam coral patches, Persian Gulf

Time : 14:40-15:10

Speaker
Biography:

Abolfazl Saleh is the Faculty Member in Iranian National Institute for Oceanography and Atmospheric Science (INIOAS), Tehran, Iran.

Abstract:

This study was conducted in the eastern coral patches of Hengam Island which is a 20-40 ha area of rich coral growth in the northeastern Persian Gulf. Hengam coral patches are regularly flushed with water coming through the Strait of Hormuz from the Gulf of Oman; so they experience milder seasonal water temperature and salinity compared to reefs situated more inward in the Persian Gulf. In this study underwater temperature (T), dissolved oxygen, salinity, pH, total alkalinity (AT) and nutrient contents (nitrate, phosphate and silicate) of the coral community of Hengam Island in the Persian Gulf were measured during 2014 and 2015. Diurnal and seasonal variation of T, pH, salinity, dissolved oxygen, nutrients and AT was measured. Other parameters of carbon dioxide system of seawater (pCO2, total inorganic carbon, carbonate and bicarbonate concentrations and aragonite saturation state (ΩAr)) were calculated. In addition, some biological characteristics (species richness, calcification rate and bleaching status) were evaluated which are not discussed in this presentation. Results obtained from thermo loggers showed that corals in the northeastern part of the Persian Gulf are washed by cold tidal flows mitigating underwater temperature during hot summers. Seawater of coral patches in Hengam Island were characterized with low concentration of nutrients (NO3-<0.23 µM, PO4-<0.25 µM, SiO2<3.66 µM), salinity ranged from 36.7-37.7, pH ranged from 8.15-8.23 and underwater T ranged from 20.4-34.8 oC. Results obtained from carbonate chemistry calculations showed that aragonite saturation state varies between 3.34 to 4.87 in January and August, respectively. Regression analysis showed that T was responsible for 92% of seasonal variations in ΩAr. 99% of seasonal variations of ΩAr were explained by temperature and pH.

Sufen Ye

Xiamen University, China

Title: Methods for marine ecological risk assessment of radioactive accidents

Time : 15:30-16:00

Speaker
Biography:

Sufen Ye is currently pursuing her PhD in Marine Affairs Program of Xiamen University in China. She has her expertise in ecological risk assessment, especially for marine radioactive accidents. She has completed her Bachelor’s degree of Environmental Science and Bachelor’s degree of Economics as well as a Master’s degree of Marine Affairs in Xiamen University. Her main research area is ecosystem evaluation. She has published two papers about fine particles from cooking fumes related to air pollution and one review paper on ecological risk assessment for marine radioactive pollution.

Abstract:

Ecological risk assessment (ERA) is a powerful technical tool to analyze potential and extreme adverse environmental impacts. With the rapid growth of nuclear power plants in the coastal areas around the world, radioactive pollution caused by nuclear accidents become the most important issue in marine and coastal environmental protection. The approaches and methodology of marine ERA for radiation accident are in urgent for marine environmental management. In this study, the approaches and methods for ERA of marine radioactive accidents (MRA) are summarized and discussed. The concept of ERA-MRA is defined. The concept of the grading of risk levels (risk degree) and their criteria are proposed for the expression of risk characterization to semi-quantitatively present risk magnitude, determine the harmful extent of risk and support risk management. Based on literature review, the classic ERA approach, Grade approach and ERICA integrated approach were selected to apply into case studies, Fukushima nuclear accident in Japan, 2011 and imaginary accident of Daya Bay Nuclear Power Plant in China for early and later stage of MRA, respectively. The results of case studies show that the assessment approach and methodology for ERA-MRP are scientifically effective. The classic ERA approach and ERICA integrated approach are finally chosen to set up a system for the early and later stage of ERA-MRP, respectively. The system is helpful to support decision-making and management processes in the beginning of events against accident and support ecological restoration after events. In the early stage of nuclear accident, more attention should be pay to the acute exposure in seawaters and then to the chronic risk from sediment in the late stages of accident.

Rory Anthony Hutagalung

Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia, Indonesia

Title: Fish acclimatization through chemical approach at industrial scale

Time : 16:00-16:30

Speaker
Biography:

Rory Anthony Hutagalung has his expertise in fisheries and marine science. He has graduated from the Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Bogor Agricultural University. He has obtained Master;s degree in Aquatic Science from Université Paul Sabatier and a Doctoral degree from ENSA Toulouse, France. He is currently a Lecturer at the Faculty of Biotechnology, Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia. He is an active Researcher who has published many works in fisheries and marine science.

Abstract:

Fish mortality at destination is one of the most prominent problems faced by fish importers. The most updated acclimatization method used is drip-line. However, the method is harmful for dying fishes. This research introduces a new acclimatization method, using low pH and carbonate hardness regulation, allowing an immediate and safe fish transfer from polluted water to fresh and clean water. The objective of this research was to increase the fish survival rate through low pH acclimatization and carbonate hardness regulation at industrial scale. This research was conducted with a factorial design. The low pH method was conducted by preparing new and clean water with low pH, combined with two level of carbonate hardness. Six species representing marine ornamental fish types were tested. There was not any significant difference (p>0.05) on the survival rate among the species. The difference was rather correlated to the acclimatization method and the carbonate hardness degree. The highest survival rate held by the low pH method (almost 100%) and significantly higher (p=0.000) than drip-line method (78.91%) and conventional method (44.07%). In terms of carbonate hardness, high carbonate hardness gave significantly (p=0.000) higher survival rate than the normal carbonate hardness.

Speaker
Biography:

Abstract:

Electricity is the major source of power for most of the country's economic activities. Installed electricity generation capacity of Bangladesh is 8525 MW in 2013. Only three-fourth of which is considered to be available. Only 40% of the population has access to electricity with a per capita availability of 136 kWh per annum. The maximum generation was 6675.00 MW in 2013. But the maximum demand is 8,349 MW. Power System Master Plan (PSMP)-2010 study is now underway. The preliminary demand forecast was made based on 7% GDP growth rate. The actual demand could not be supplied for the last few years. The maximum demand served so far is 5244 MW. The electricity development is required to be accelerated to increase access and attain economic development. The desirable economic growth rate would be about 7% p.a. Based upon this preliminary study the anticipated peak demand would be about 10,283 MW in FY2015, 17,304 MW in FY2020 and 25,199 MW in 2025. Government utilities are involved in large scale grid connected renewable energy based power project development. On the other hand, private sector is involved with off-grid home-based renewable energy solutions. Till now, national capacity of renewable energy based power is approx. 50 MW; in which Solar PV application including irrigation and domestic solar electricity is only 1 MW but over the time it becomes the most prominent segment. PDB, REB and IDCOL are encouraging solar home system (SHS) to the people living in the off-grid areas. IDCOL through different NGO has already distributed 1.0 million SHS throughout the country and targets to achieve 25 MW contributions by 2020. Moreover 50 companies in Bangladesh are operating business to grab this 25 MW market over the country. Some of them have already achieved strategic market share. Major players of this market includes: Grameen Shakti, Rahim Afroz, Solaric, InGen Technology Ltd., Hydron Bangladesh Pvt. Ltd. Xenergeia International Ltd, Bangladesh Alternative Energy System Pvt. Ltd., Intraco Renewable Energy Limited, Greenfinity Energy Ltd. etc.