Theme: Ocean Science: Understanding its various Processes and Effects

Oceanography-2015

Renowned Speakers

Oceanography-2015

OMICS International successfully hosted its premier 3rd International Conference on Oceanography at Double Tree by Hilton Philadelphia Airport Hotel, during June 22-24, 2015. The conference was organized with a focus on “Ocean Science: Understanding its various Processes” and it was a great success where eminent keynote speakers from various reputed organizations made their resplendent presence and addressed the gathering.
 
OMICS International feels proud to announce “3rd International Conference on Oceanography” (Oceanography-2015) which is going to be held during June 22-24, 2015 at Philadelphia, USA. We welcome and invite you to participate in this prestigious conference. OMICS International Organizes 1000+ Global Events inclusive of 300+ Conferences, 500+ Workshops and 200+ Symposiums on various topics of Science & Technology  across the globe with support from 1000 more scientific  societies and Publishes 500+ Open Access journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.
 
Oceanographic fields and processes possess certain features that are not commonly encountered in some other areas of science and engineering. Oceanographic processes include coupling across a large range of scales and linkage between a numbers of factors of different nature. In recent times that nations have begun to recognize the size, diversity and complexity of the ocean industries and their importance to all. Too many people marine equals shipping, which is indeed an important industry as the world fleet carries over 90% of the world trade by tonnage and shipbuilding is a business worth over U.S. $32 billion per annum. Offshore oil & gas is the world's biggest marine industry where off production alone can have a value of more than $300 billion per annum. Submarine cables are now a huge business that provides the "worldwide" part of the world wide web and enables the very existence of the internet.
 
 

Track 1: Oceanography

Oceanography including marine organisms and ecosystem dynamics; ocean currents, waves, and geophysical fluid dynamics; plate tectonics and the geology of the sea floor; and fluxes of various chemical substances and physical properties within the ocean and across its boundaries. The goal is to understand what controls the abundances, kinds, and temporal variation of organisms in the sea. The chemical and physical processes that influence species distribution and abundance are an integral part of biological oceanography. Likewise, biological processes in the oceans influence the chemistry of the seas, sediments, and even the atmosphere on local and global scales.

Climate- and human-driven changes in ocean chemistry (e.g., acidification, expanding low-oxygen conditions, nutrient loading, etc.) and associated impacts on biogeochemical cycles and marine ecosystems and also is to study the evolving role of the ocean in the global carbon cycle, in the face of environmental variability and change through studies of marine biogeochemical cycles and associated ecosystems.

Track 2: Global Warming and Climate Alteration 

This addresses for the observed century-scale rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system and its related effects. In its 2014 report the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) reported that scientists were more than 95% certain that most of global warming is caused by increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases and other human (anthropogenic) activities. In fact, the ocean has absorbed so much heat—about 20 times as much as the atmosphere over the past half-century—that some models suggest that it is likely to warm the air another degree Fahrenheit (0.55° Celsius) worldwide over the coming decades. The acidification of the oceans due to climate change impairs the ability of coral reefs and shelled organisms to form skeletons and shells.

Surface currents make up only 8% of all water in the ocean, are generally restricted to the upper 400 m (1,300 ft) of ocean water, and are separated from lower regions by varying temperatures and salinity which affect the density of the water, which in turn, defines each oceanic region. Because the movement of deep water in ocean basins is caused by density driven forces and gravity, deep waters sink into deep ocean basins at high latitudes where the temperatures are cold enough to cause the density to increase.

Track 3: Marine Science and Engineering 

Marine engineering of boats, ships, oil rigs and any other marine vessel or structure, but also encompasses oceanographic engineering. Specifically, marine engineering is the discipline of applying engineering sciences, and can include mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, electronic engineering, and computer science, to the development, design, operation and maintenance of watercraft propulsion and also on-board systems and oceanographic technology, not limited to just power and propulsion plants, machinery, piping, automation and control systems etc. for marine vehicles of any kind like surface ships, submarines etc. Offshore construction is the installation of structures and facilities in a marine environment, usually for the production and transmission of electricity, oil, gas and other resources. Maritime law & Policy focuses on improving safety at sea by developing international regulations that are followed by all shipping nations. It also sets out a number of international conventions specifically aimed at maritime safety, such as the Safety of Life at Sea Convention (SOLAS).

Track 4: Geological Sciences 

Geological Sciences may include the study of the atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere, and biosphere. With the increasing pressure from diverse human activities in marine areas beyond the limits of national jurisdiction, concerns are being raised that deep-water fish stocks may be at serious risk of depletion. There is clear evidence of detrimental human impacts to cold-water coral, sponge reefs, hydrothermal vents, and seamounts, supporting the need for undertaking conservation action even if our scientific understanding of these ecosystems is still imperfect. Major existing and potential anthropogenic threats are posed by destructive fishing practices and illegal, unregulated and unreported (IUU) fishing, as well as mining, marine scientific research and bioprospecting with destructive impacts. Ocean acidification has been identified as a potentially serious threat to cold-water corals and other deep-water biodiversity.

In truth, coral reef habitats represent some of the densest and most varied ecosystems on Earth. Though they cover only 0.2 percent of the ocean’s floor, scientists estimate that nearly one million species of fish, invertebrates, and algae can be found in and around the world’s reefs.

Track 5: Coastal and Marine Resources: Sustainability 

Many of the world's fishery resources are in danger of depletion. In addition, other living resources, such as mangroves, coral species and species amenable to bioprospecting, are subject to or under threat of overexploitation. The principal impact of overexploitation is unsustainable removal of marine and coastal living resources. The significant threats to biological diversity include habitat destruction, destructive fishing and Illegal, Unregulated and Unreported (IUU) fishing, and by-catch. Marine ecosystems are very important for the overall health of both marine and terrestrial environments. Marine ecosystems are among the largest of Earth's aquatic ecosystems. They include oceans, salt marshes, intertidal zones, estuaries, lagoons, mangroves, coral reefs, the deep sea, and the sea floor. They can be contrasted with freshwater ecosystems, which have a lower salt content. Since early civilisation, coastal areas have been attractive settling grounds for human population as they provided abundant marine resources, fertile agricultural land and possibilities for trade and transport. This has led to high population densities and high levels of development in many coastal areas and this trend is continuing into the 21st century.

We look forward to an exciting scientific event in the beautiful city of Philadelphia, USA.
 

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Conference Date June 22-24, 2015
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