Theme: Discovering the Advances in Ocean Science and Marine Life
OMICS International takes immense pleasure & feel honored in inviting the contributors across the globe to 4th International Conference on Oceanography & Marine Biology to be held during July 18-20, 2016 at Brisbane, Australia on the theme "Discovering the Advances in Ocean Science and Marine Life".
OMICS International's Conference Series organizes 1000+ Global Events inclusive of 300+ Conferences, 500+ Workshops and 200+ Symposiums on various topics of Clinical, Pharma, Medical, Science & Technology across the globe with support from 1000 more scientific societies and publishes 500+ Open Access journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.
Oceanography-2016 is the premier event that brings together a unique and International mix of experts, researchers and decision makers both from academia and industry across the globe to exchange their knowledge, experience and research innovations. The scope of Oceanography-2016 is to bring the advancements in the field of Oceanography and marine life. Oceanographic processes include coupling across a large range of scales and linkage between a numbers of factors of different nature. In recent times that nations have begun to recognize the size, diversity and complexity of the ocean industries and their importance to all. Too many people marine equals shipping, which is indeed an important industry as the world fleet carries over 90% of the world trade by tonnage and shipbuilding is a business worth over U.S. $32 billion per annum. Offshore oil & gas is the world's biggest marine industry where off production alone can have a value of more than $300 billion per annum. Submarine cables are now a huge business that provides the "worldwide" part of the world wide web and enables the very existence of the internet.
The Atmosphere and the Ocean form a coupled system, exchanging heat, momentum and water at the air-sea interface. We explain this by saying the example as energy from the wind blowing over the surface of the ocean produces waves and currents. Similarly, the ocean surface absorbs most of the heat from the sun and the surface currents move this warm water around the world and warm the atmosphere from below. In addition, greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide (CO2) are transferred between atmosphere and ocean, with the ocean absorbing CO2 on average.
On the long term, the convergence/divergence of oceanic heat transport provides source/sinks of heat for the atmosphere and partly shapes the mean climate of the Earth. So we need to understand the Interactions between ocean waves and environment and Upper-ocean Salinity Variability and its Impact on Climate.
Physical oceanography is the study of physical conditions and physical processes within the ocean, especially the motions and physical properties of ocean waters. Energy for the ocean circulation (and for the atmospheric circulation) comes from solar radiation and gravitational energy from the sun and moon. Oceanic currents are largely driven by the surface wind stress; hence the large-scale atmospheric circulation is important to understanding the ocean circulation. This addresses mainly on Observation, modeling coastal and open - ocean processes, Climate Change in the Coastal Ocean, Estuarine and coastal sedimentary processes, Ecosystems and climate change applications.
Acoustical oceanography is the use of underwater sound to study the sea, its boundaries and its contents. Physical oceanographers' studies acoustical oceanography which includes topics on underwater acoustics, sound transmissions, etc. Applications of acoustical oceanography include: fish population surveys, classification of fish species and other biota, rain rate measurement, wind speed measurement, water depth measurement, seabed classification, ocean acoustic tomography, global thermometry, monitoring of ocean-atmospheric gas exchange. The field of underwater acoustics is closely related to a number of other fields of acoustic study, including sonar, transduction, acoustic signal processing, acoustical oceanography, bioacoustics, and physical acoustics.
Ocean information is important for delivering a range of safety, economic and environmental benefits, underpinning the blue economy and for observations, modelling and analysis of marine and ocean variables to support operational ocean services worldwide. The means to collect and use ocean data constitutes a significant business enterprise and one in which the United States is an acknowledged world leader. The objective is to raise visibility and awareness of the sector’s economic importance and to determine the degree of private sector engagement with NOAA and the US IOOS program and provides accurate descriptions of the present state of the oceans, including living resources; continuous forecasts of the future conditions of the sea for as far ahead as possible, and the basis for forecasts of climate change.
Marine geology or geological oceanography is the study of the history and structure of the ocean floor. It involves geophysical, geochemical, sedimentological and paleontological investigations of the ocean floor and coastal zone. Marine geology has strong ties to physical oceanography and is focused on the physical, biological and chemical interactions that characterize earth surface environments. Carbonate geology, coastal geology, groundwater hydrology, paleoclimatology, marine biogeochemistry, and sedimentology/stratigraphy. Emphasis on nearshore processes, coastal sedimentation and erosion, remote sensing of reefs and carbonate petrology and petrography to derive clues to past environmental changes as well as post-depositional geochemical changes to island limestones.
Marine Sedimentary Environments focused on micropaleontology, geobiology, paleoceanography and paleoclimatology, organic and inorganic isotope biogeochemistry, marine authigenic minerals, carbonate sedimentology and the physical properties of sediments and crustal rocks.
Marine Environment and Interactions is to address to increase understanding of how society is impacting upon the ocean. There is an enormous array of biodiversity in the ocean with an estimated 50-80% of all life on earth found under the sea surface. This includes biological, geochemical and physical processes and components that take place or occur within an ecosystem. Maintaining ecosystem function is important to maintaining the capacity of the region to supply ecosystem services.
We look forward to an exciting scientific event in the city of Sunny Brisbane, Australia.
4th International Conference on Oceanography & Marine Biology
July 18-20, 2016 Brisbane, Australia
Theme: Discovering the Advances in Ocean Science and Marine Life
Importance & Scope of Oceanography:
The ocean, our common heritage, is key to sustaining all humankind on the planet. It shapes Earth’s climate and influences the distribution of ecosystems, biodiversity, and thus food availability. Humans, however, have put the ocean at risk of irreversible damage by unregulated exploration and development, increasing pollution, climate change and ocean acidification. Many international fora have identified the need to strengthen marine science capacities of developing nations in order to advance sustainable ocean management at all levels.
The Conference will provide an overview on the latest trends and achievements in ocean sciences and technologies applied to oceanography and will explore future needs, developments as well as management and governance. The target audience is intended primarily for oceanographers, researchers, engineers, academics, conservation organizations, industry leaders, policy and decision makers that have coastal and marine related responsibilities.
Why it’s in Brisbane, Australia:
Australia truly is a marine nation. It has the third largest Exclusive Economic Zone in the world and its total marine territories (10.2 million square kilometers) are 32% larger than the size of the Australian mainland (7.69 million square kilometers). More than 85 per cent of our population lives within 50 km of the ocean, and more than 70 per cent of Australia’s territory is beneath the ocean. It is therefore not surprising to see the important place the ocean plays in defining the national identity of Australians. The value of marine based industries has nearly doubled in the last 10 years and is projected to continue to grow. Ocean resources as being one of the top 25 future growth sectors in the Australian economy, with future growth earmarked at 4.4 per cent per annum over the coming years1. This, together with recent estimates by the Oceans Policy Advisory Group that predicts Australia’s oceans will contribute $100 billion to the Australian economy by 2025.
We compare the levels of economic activity for marine industry sub-sectors, for which reliable data on economic activity is collected annually.
Fig 1: Industry Value of Production from marine-related activities
Over the last decade (since 2002-03), the marine industry value has nearly doubled, an increase
of 98 per cent. Looking in more detail at the 12 months to June 2012 the value of the sector
Increased by 7 per cent.
· Air-sea interactions and upper ocean processes
· Physical oceanography, ocean circulation & atmosphere processes
· Underwater acoustics and Acoustical oceanography
· Ocean observing and data management
· Marine geology & sedimentology
· Marine environment and interactions
· Coral life, conservation and importance
· Marine engineering: equipment and manufacturing
· Marine pollution & management
· Maritime technology and safety guidelines
· Marine law, policy, management and education
· Recent developments in offshore oil & gas industry
Why to attend???
With members from around the world focused on learning about marine science, this is your single best opportunity to reach the largest assemblage of participants from the industries, Universities, community, etc., Conduct demonstrations, distribute information, meet with current and potential researchers and receive name recognition at this 3-day event. World-renowned speakers, the most recent techniques, tactics, and the newest updates in marine research field are hallmarks of this conference.
Societies Associated with Marine Research:
Major Oceanography/ Marine Associations/ societies in Brisbane:
· Australian Marine Environment Protection
· Brisbane Marine Pilots (BMP)
· Royal Marines Association
· Maritime Safety Queensland
· Bureau of Meteorology
· Queensland Maritime Museum
· Marine Queensland
· Maritime Law Association of Australia & New Zealand (MLAANZ)
Major Oceanography/ Marine Associations/ societies in Australia:
· Marina Industries Association (MIA)
· Australian Marine Sciences Association (AMSA)
· Boating Industries Alliance Australia (BIAA)
· Australian Shipowners Association (ASA)
· Australian Marine Conservation Society
· Maritime Law Association of Australia & New Zealand (MLAANZ)
· Australian International Marine Export Group (AIMEX)
· Marine Queensland
· Australian Ship Repairers Group (ASRG)
· Australian Shipbuilders Association (ASA)
· Shipping Australia Limited
· Australasian Institute of Marine Surveyors (AIMS)
Fig 2: Societies Associated with Marine Research
Major Oceanography/ Marine universities in Brisbane:
· James Cook University
· The University of Western Australia (UWA)
· Curtin University
· University of New South Wales – UNSW
· Macquarie University
· University of Tasmania (UTAS)
· Flinders University
Fig 3: Universities Associated with Marine Research
· BSE Maritime Solutions
· QPort Marine Services
· Bellingham Marine
· Haines Group
· Across The Ocean Shipping
· Twin Ocean Property
· Ocean Dynamics Pty Ltd
· Blue Ocean Strategy Australia
· Australian Ocean King Prawn Company
· Ocean & Earth Australia Pty Ltd.
· Ocean Exports Pty Ltd
Fund Allotment to Marine Research
National Ocean Service (NOS), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research (OAR), National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service (NESDIS)
NOS: In FY 2015, NOAA requests $496.2 million, an increase of $20.6 million over the 2014 enacted.
NMFS: In FY 2015, NOAA’s budget request includes $887.2 million, which is $65.7 million below the 2014 enacted due to a $75.0 million decrease for one-time fisheries disaster funding.
OAR: In FY 2015, NOAA requests $462.2 million, an increase of $35.4 million over the 2014 enacted level.
National Science Foundation (NSF) has provided $6.3 million
Office of Naval Research (ONR) has provided $1.1 million
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has provided $549,000
The Russel Family Foundation (TRFF) has provided $500,000
Germany: Helmholtz Research School for Ocean System Science and Technology (HOSST): Funding of 1,800 T€
Regional Atlantic Circulation and Global Change providing funding of 1,354 T€
Fig 4: Funding from various sources by region wise
Market growth of Australia:
Projected turnover for the next five years:
The smaller companies expect to maintain or increase their turnover in next five years and the larger companies generally expect increases to their turnover. The data has been significantly impacted by a major increase in oil and gas related activities.
Fig 5: Marnie Market value
Global Market Value:
Fig 6: Global Market Value
Global markets consist of three major regions; Europe and North America are similar in size forming 25% and 26% of the market. Asia forms the largest region at an estimated 34%, with much of this shipbuilding and shipping activity centered in S.E. Asia. The marine Industries' growth over next five years could total $51 billion, the largest being in the sectors of:
• Marine transportation
• The ports Industries
• The leisure Industries Including leisure boating and the cruise business
• Offshore oil & gas industry
• Marine services in its many aspects
• Submarine cables
• Minerals (specifically offshore diamonds)
• Marine biotechnology
• Underwater vehicles
• Marine IT (but from a small base)
• Renewable energy (from an even smaller base)
- Air-sea interactions and upper ocean processes
- Physical Oceanography, Ocean Circulation & Atmosphere Processes
- Underwater Acoustics and Acoustical Oceanography
- Ocean Observing and Data Management
- Marine Geology & Sedimentology
- Marine Environment and Interactions
- Coral life, Conservation and Importance
- Marine Engineering: Equipment and Manufacturing
- Marine Pollution & Management
- Maritime Technology and Safety Guidelines
- Marine Law, Policy, Management and Education
- Recent Developments in Offshore Oil & Gas Industry
To share your views and research, please click here to register for the Conference.